In a series of SUEUAA working papers, the team will focus on overarching themes (environment, policy, migration, gender, and the economy), and show the similarities and differences across the different study cities in terms of the capacity of the University to respond to these city-wide issues.
The third in this series focuses on how Universities respond to mitigate the negative consequences of international and internal migration in cities.
Each working paper is a collaborative process, and is co-authored by academics in at least three cities.The second paper is co-authored by Katarzyna Borkowska (University of Glasgow), Kamal Aziz Ketuly and Sizar Abid Mohammad (University of Duhok), Nematollah Azizi (University of Kurdistan), and Mpoki Mwaikokesya (University of Dar-es-Salaam).
Title: Migration and Its Impact on Developing Countries
Abstract: Issues of internal and international migration are felt in the Global North and South. In 2017, while over 78 million international migrants lived in Europe, 80 million international migrants settled in Asia, and 25 million in Africa. Levels of internal migration are less documented, particularly in the Global South. However, internal migration is a key policy issue as countries in the Global South with higher numbers of internal migrants (including internally displaced people) are among conflict-affected regions of Western and Eastern Asia and developing countries affected by environmental disasters (WEF, 2017).
Despite the global nature of migration, a Western-centric perspective and discourse dominates the literature and research landscape with the focus on migration from the Global South to the Global North, or on migration patterns within the Global North exclusively. As a response to this, the current paper explores migration within the context of the Global South, focusing on how cities face the challenges arising from increased levels of migration. Using case studies from six countries in the Global South (Tanzania, Zimbabwe, Philippines, South Africa, Iraq, and Iran) we explore differing patterns of migration within these six case study countries, what the challenges arising from these trends, and how Universities respond to mitigate the negative consequences of international and internal migration in cities.