Johannesburg, also known as Jozi, Joburg and Egoli), is the largest city in South Africa and is one of the 50 largest urban areas in the world. It is the provincial capital and largest city in Gauteng, which is the wealthiest province in South Africa. While Johannesburg is not one of South Africa's three capital cities, it is the seat of the Constitutional Court. The city is located in the mineral-rich Witwatersrand range of hills and is the centre of large-scale gold and diamond trade.

The metropolis is an alpha global city as listed by the Globalization and World Cities Research Network. In 2011, the population of the city of Johannesburg was 4,434,827, making it the most populous city in South Africa. In the same year, the population of Johannesburg's urban agglomeration was put at 7,860,781. The land area of the municipal city (1,645 km2 (635 sq mi)) is large in comparison with those of other major cities, resulting in a moderate population density of 2,364/km2 (6,120/sq mi).

The city was established in 1886 following the discovery of gold on what had been a farm. The city is commonly interpreted as the modern day El Dorado due to the extremely large gold deposit found along the Witwatersrand. The name is attributed to one or all of three men involved in the establishment of the city. In ten years, the population was 100,000 inhabitants.

A separate city from the late 1970s until the 1990s, Soweto is now part of Johannesburg. Originally an acronym for "South-Western Townships", Soweto originated as a collection of settlements on the outskirts of Johannesburg, populated mostly by native African workers from the gold mining industry. Soweto, although eventually incorporated into Johannesburg, had been separated as a residential area for Blacks, who were not permitted to live in Johannesburg proper. Lenasia is predominantly populated by English-speaking South Africans of Indian descent. These areas were designated as non-white areas in accordance with the segregationist policies of the South African government known as Apartheid.

Organisation reference

University of Johannesburg


Established in 2005, with a student population of over 50,000 students (of which more than 3000 are international students from 80 countries), it is one of the largest contact universities in South Africa (SA) from the 26 public universities that make up the higher education system. It Is ranked 7th amongst Africa’s Universities, 5th in South Africa, and ranked within the top 2.3% of universities in the world (QS World University Rankings, 2017/18).

The university has 7 Faculties: Education, Law, Humanities, Fine Arts, Design and Architecture, Health Sciences, Science, and Engineering and the

Social context

Johannesburg is a world leader on the African continent and one of the 50 largest cities in the world, and the largest in South Africa, with a population of 4.4 million people with close to 3000 people per square kilometre. A successful city is defined by its ability to adequately align its priorities to development needs, and its capacity to make strategic planning and policy decisions that place its people at the centre. The City of Johannesburg has followed a partnership approach – embracing multiple partnerships – both area based, and task driven to balance opportunity and demand, by

Economic context

About half of South Africa’s urban population lives in townships and informal settlements, accounting for 38% of working-age citizens. South Africa’s townships have always been a hive for entrepreneurial activity, but the main challenge has been unlocking the potential in order to generate broader economic benefits. While townships are places of great wealth, very little of it is generated within the township or stays in the economy. Township enterprises are diverse, with a high rate of informality and are consider survivalist. Whilst they are mostly necessity micro-enterprises, characterised

Social issues

Johannesburg is a divided city: the poor mostly live in the southern suburbs or on the peripheries of the far north, and the middle class live largely in the suburbs of the central and north. It is estimated that more than 25% of the city’s population lives in abject poverty in informal settlements that lack proper infrastructure, roads, electricity, or any other kind of direct municipal service. Another 40% live in inadequate housing with insufficient municipal housing and infrastructure.

South Africa remains a dual economy with one of the highest inequality rates in the world, perpetuating

Economic issues

Over the last 20 years, there has been a range of government support programmes aimed at micro, small and medium enterprises and co-operatives. These support measures are wide-ranging, combining both financial and non-financial support. In their variety, they aim to address a number of barriers common to all micro, small, and medium enterprises and cooperatives. These barriers include but not limited to access to capital and financial exclusion, access to operating infrastructure, access to markets, skills development, and monopoly power, to name but a few.

There are specific barriers that

Main priorities of HEI in the region

With a focus on the township economy as a means to support youth employment and sustainable development of the local township economy, the University of Johannesburg employ a transformative research paradigm which supports data driven social innovation which supports the revitalisation of the township economy, food resilience strategies and appropriate technology innovation.

Johannesburg has identified a Transformation Zone which includes areas where investment is prioritised for future urban intensification and growth, as they have the capacity to trigger positive effects on a metropolitan

Addressing local issues

The Transformation Zone is targeted to strengthening the metropolitan core, improving sustainability and quality of life in deprivation areas and enhancing the public environment. To support the realisation of a sustainable, clean, safe and inclusive inner city, the City’s integrated development plan is focused on efficient and sustainable water, sanitation, electricity and waste services in the inner city; developing an integrated, efficient transportation system in the inner city that supports a sustainable, green economy, in a liveable and walkable public environment. The city strives to



South Africa